Jul 6, 2010

Top 7 Biggest Dinosaurs

dinosaurs Identifying the biggest dinosaurs that ever lived isn't as easy a task as you might think: sure, these giant beasts left giant fossils, but it's very rare to unearth a complete skeleton (tiny, bite-sized dinosaurs tend to fossilize all at once, but lumbering giants like Argentinosaurus can often only be identified by a single, massive neckbone). Here are the 7 winners, according to the current state of paleontological research.


1. Biggest Sauropod: Argentinosaurus

argentinosaurus Alain Beneteau/ www.paleospot.com

Although paleontologists claim to have found bigger dinosaurs, Argentinosaurus is the biggest sauropod  whose size has been backed up by convincing evidence. This gigantic plant-muncher (named after Argentina, where its remains were found) measured about 120 feet from head to tail and may have weighed over 100 tons. Just one vertebra  of Argentinosaurus is over four feet thick!


2. Biggest Sauropod (tie): Sauroposeidon

sauroposeidonH. K. Luterman

Named after Poseidon, the Greek god of the ocean, Sauroposeidon was once thought to be the biggest dinosaur of all time, but paleontologists have since concluded that it was slightly lighter than Argentinosaurus, "only" about 50 or 60 tons. However, Sauroposeidon was almost certainly the tallest sauropod ever to roam the earth; its neck alone was almost 40 feet long!


3. Biggest Carnivore: Spinosaurus

spinosaurusArthur Weasley

You probably thought the winner in this category would be T. Rex, but it's now believed that Spinosaurus (which had a huge, crocodile-like mouth and a sail of skin jutting up from its back) was slightly heavier, weighing in at 7 or 8 tons. It's possible that this dinosaur's famous sail evolved as a way of increasing its skin area, and hence allowing it to cool down faster--yet more evidence that Spinosaurus was the king of the meat-eaters.


4. Biggest Pterosaur: Quetzalcoatlus

QuetzalcoatlusU.S. Government Services

Just as Sauroposeidon is named after the Greek god of the ocean, Quetzalcoatlus is named after the winged Aztec god Quetzalcoatl. This gigantic pterosaur had a wingspan of up to 45 feet, making it the largest creature ever to fly, modern eagles included. That is, if Quetzalcoatlus really did fly: new research hints that this giant pterosaur may have led a completely landbound existence.


5. Biggest Pliosaur: Liopleurodon

liopleurodon Adam Stuart Smith

With its long, thick, tooth-studded jaws, bulky body, and massive flippers, this pliosaur looked a bit like a cross between an orca and a shark. Paleontologists believe Liopleurodon attained lengths of 40 to 50 feet, and may have weighed 20 to 30 tons, about the dimensions of an adult sperm whale. If this doesn't sound impressive, keep in mind that the biggest great white sharks weigh about 3 tons, max.


6. Biggest Hadrosaur: Shantungosaurus

shantungosaurus Wikimedia Commons

The hadrosaurs, or duck-billed dinosaurs, were the most common herbivores of the late Cretaceous period. Recently discovered in China, Shantungosaurus was the biggest hadrosaur yet known, about 50 feet long and anywhere from 15 to 50 tons (the largest size ever achieved by an ornithischian, rather than saurischian, dinosaur). Amazingly, this giant duckbill may have been capable of running on two legs when escaping carnivores.


7. Biggest Raptor: Utahraptor

utahraptfoot Wikimedia Commons

Velociraptor gets all the press these days, but this chicken-sized raptor was positively puny next to Utahraptor, which weighed in at a whopping 1,500 pounds (and was a full 20 feet long). Oddly, Utahraptor lived a few tens of millions of years before its more famous (and smaller) cousins, a reversal of the general evolutionary rule that tiny progenitors evolve into plus-sized descendants.



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I have heard that the vegetarian dinosaurs were much much bigger than the non vegetarian ones.

As a technical point, #'s 4 and 5 are not dinosaurs.

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